Early View: 2004/2005 Copyright and citation issues 

Current Policy

Early View articles are considered fully complete, and once posted online are considered to be published. All articles that are published Early View in 2004 must therefore have 2004 copyright dates, even if they appear in print issues dated 2005.

How To Cite Articles That Appeared Online In 2004 And In Print In 2005

It is fine to cite the 2004 Early View article using the full reference as usual, but with the DOI in place of the Vol/Issue/Page Range information (Example A). It is equally fine to cite the 2005 article using the full reference followed by the usual bibliographic data (Example B). However it would be incorrect to cite the article by full reference with usual bibliographic info with a 2004 date (Example C). It would be acceptable to cite the paper just by DOI with a 2005 date, as this is technically correct. However just to avoid confusion it is probably best to use the bibliographic information if it is available.

Example A. Correct citation of Early View version:

1) Smith, A., Jones, B. (2004) A Paper On Worms. Worm Journal doi:10.1111/j.1234-4321.2004.01234.x 

Example B. Correct citation of print version:

1) Smith, A., Jones, B. (2005) A Paper On Worms. Worm Journal 1 (1), 10-20.

 Example C. Incorrect citation of print version:

1) Smith, A., Jones, B. (2004) A Paper On Worms. Worm Journal 1 (1), 10-20

In a nutshell the citation information must relate precisely to what is being cited, i.e. the electronic version from 2004 *or* the print version from 2005. The citation cannot be a mix of information from the two sources. The year that appears in a citation is also completely unrelated to the year of copyright, so an article with a 2005 citation could quite legally and correctly be copyrighted 2004. A standard text to send to authors/editors who may query this follows:


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Early View Publication, Copyright and Citation

The Early View electronic publication before print service offered by Wiley-Blackwell means that some articles may appear first online in 2004, then in print in 2005. Early View articles are considered fully complete and published as soon as they are put online, therefore copyright dates for these articles will be 2004 even if they subsequently appear in a 2005 issue. This is legally correct and ensures that it is clear when your work was first published whether it is viewed online or in print.

Some articles in print may have a mix of 2004 and 2005 dates in copyright lines and catchlines. This is because catchlines must show the year of the volume and issue. Therefore the mixing of dates is also correct.

When citing an article where the publication is ‘split’ between 2004 and 2005, please ensure you are using the correct details for the version you wish to cite. If you are citing the online article that appeared in 2004 then you must not use the bibliographic (volume/issue/page range) information from the print issue, but rather use the article doi number instead, e.g.:

 Smith, A., Jones, B. (2004) A Paper On Worms. Worm Journal doi:10.1111/j.1234-4321.2004.01234.x

 If you are citing the print article that appeared in 2005 then you may use the bibliographic information (or the doi if you wish), but you cannot give 2004 as the date in the reference and must use 2005, e.g.: 

Smith, A., Jones, B. (2005) A Paper On Worms. Worm Journal 1 (1), 10-20. 

i.e. the information you give needs to match up with the version of the article you are citing. The print version did not appear in 2004, so it is incorrect to use 2004 as the date (it will also not match the volume/issue/page numbers in the reference). Similarly, the volume/issue/page no. information was not available in 2004 when the article was published in Early View, so it is incorrect to include that in the citation of an Early View article - even if it is now known.

We appreciate this may be confusing at first glance, but as advance online publication becomes ever more popular we will do our best to ensure your work is correctly cited and copyrighted, and that you are kept informed of any related new developments.

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Impact Factors

ISI have been questioned directly on whether Early View affects journal impact factors. In brief, they state that “Citations to online early articles are accrued until the articles are published in an issue. So the impact factor will not be affected by Early View - except that they might actually get more citations as articles are online for longer”. 

In more detail, any citation to an article published in the Early View section will be counted as a citation to the journal in that year. However, the number of articles published in the year comprise just those articles which have been put into print issues – complete issues are then indexed in Web of Science. This does not include any Early View articles which have not yet been assigned to an issue. But, as the impact factor calculation is based on citations in the current year to articles published in the previous two years, this will not affect the impact factor. In practice, Early View articles may actually get more citations as they are accessible online sooner and for a longer period of time, and when the article is indexed in Web of Science the ‘times cited’ feature would reflect all the citations to the article. 

When an Early View article is published in an issue the citations which have been recorded are recorded against that year's issues, and the article is counted as a source item for that year.


GH 15/09/04